图为沈阳“九一八”历史博物馆标志性建筑——残历碑。每年9月18日,在这里会举行“勿忘‘九一八’撞钟鸣警”仪式,警示人们勿忘国耻。
图为巩天民夫人用过的雅马哈风琴。


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访沈阳“九一八”历史博物馆馆长范丽红

发布时间: 2021-09-18 信息来源:bg真人 编辑: 王丹 阅读次数: 403 [ 字体: ]
图为沈阳“九一八”历史博物馆标志性建筑——残历碑。每年9月18日,在这里会举行“勿忘‘九一八’撞钟鸣警”仪式,警示人们勿忘国耻。
图为巩天民夫人用过的雅马哈风琴。

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fanlihong: kangzhanshiqiwenwushizhonghuaminzufankangribenqinlvedezhenshijilu,shizhongguominzhongdelishijiyi。shenyang“jiuyiba”lishibowuguanshijianyu1991nian,duonianlai,bg真人 yi“shouzanglishijiyi,zhanshilishizhenxiang”weijiren,zheliweirao“jiuyiba”lishikaizhanwenwujishiliaodeshouzang、zhanshi、yanjiuheduiwaixuanchuanjiaoyu。muqianguanzangyi1931nianzhi1945niankangrizhanzhengshiqiribenfadongqinhuazhanzheng、riweishiqizhimintongzhi、dongbeijunminjinxingwanqiangdikangdengjifangmianxiangguanshiliaowenxianheshiwuweizhu,tongshiyeshouzangleerzhanmengjunzhanfuyingheshenpanribenzhanfantebiejunshifatingxiangguanshiliao、shiwu,neirongshejijunshi、zhengzhi、jingji、wenhua、shehuidengzhuduolishicemian,meiyijianwenwubeihoudouyunhanlezhenguidelishixinxihelishigushi。

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bg真人tingliyuweinanzhizhongdezhongguogongchandangningjuqiquanminzudeliliang

jizhe: zhengruninsuoshuo,zhongguogongchandangshilishiyurenmindexuanze。jiuyibashibianhou,zhongguogongchandangzhuyaoyounaxiexingdonghezhuzhang?

fanlihong: shouxian,jiuyibashibianhou,zhonggongmanzhoushengweitongzhidiyishijianzhandaokangridouzhengdezuiqianxian,yujiuyibashibiandiertianzaishenyangzhaokaichangweijinjihuiyi,fenxixingshi,zhidingcuoshi,bingyudangrifabiaoyouzhaoyimintongzhilianyeqicaode《weiribendiguozhuyiwuzhuangzhanlingmanzhouxuanyan》。zheishizhongguo14niankangzhanshishang、yeshishijieerzhanshishangshouqinlveguojiaxiangfaxisiguojiafachudediyigezhengyixuanyan。《xuanyan》youruyishengshengfanjidehaojiao,huanxinglexianrumimangdedongbeiminzhong,guwulebinlinjuewangdeminzuqingxu,chuandalezhonghuaminzumianduiqinlvejuebuqufudekangzhengjingshen,congcikaiqiledongbeiminzhongzhangda14niandeqianpuhouji、jiankuzhuojuedekangridouzheng。

qici,1932niandi,suizheyiyongjunzhulixiangjiyizhirehediquhetuirusulianjingnei,yiyiyongjunweizhudaodedongbeikangzhanjiancichenji,burudichao。dongbeikangzhandeweilaizainali?1933nian1yue26ri,zhonggongzhugongchanguojidaibiaotuanyizhonggongzhongyangdemingyi,fachu《jimanzhougejidangbujiquantidangyuandexin》,jiancheng《yierliuzhishixin》。《yierliuzhishixin》shuomingzhongguogongchandangweileshiyingdongbeikangridouzhengdexinxingshi,zhudongkexuedidiaozhengzijidezhengce,kaichuangxingditichuzaidongbeichuangjiankangriminzutongyizhanxiandecelve。1935nianxia,huabeiweijiriyijiashen。zhonggongzhugongchanguojidaibiaotuantingquleyoudongbeikangriqianxiandaomosikechuxigongchanguojiqidadedaibiaomendebaogao。daibiaotuangenjuzheixiebaogaoheqitadebuchongcailiao,qicaole《jijidongfuzetongzhidemimixin》,jiancheng《liusanzhishixin》。《liusanzhishixin》fenxiledongbeikangriyoujizhanzhengdezongxingshi,tichujianchizhangqikangzhansixiang,zhongshenkuodadangdekangritongyizhanxianheguangfankaizhankangriyoujizhanzhengdezhuzhang,jinyibujiuzhengle“zuo”qingmaoxianzhuyiheguanmenzhuyidecuowu,weidongbeikangrizhanzhengdekaizhanhekangriminzutongyizhanxiandequelizuochulegongxian。

zuihou,zhongguogongchandangzhijielingdaodedongbeihongseyoujidui、dongbeirenmingemingjun、dongbeikangrilianjun,guanchuanledongbei14niankangzhandeshizhong,youqishidongbeikangriminzutongyizhanxiantichuhou,zhongguogongchandangzuoweidongbeikangzhandelingdaohexin,zaidongbeikangzhanzhongqidaolezhongliudizhudeningjuzuoyong。danglingdaodedongbeikangrilianjunjiqiqianshendongbeifanriyoujidui、dongbeirenmingemingjun,zairibenqinlvezhededahoufang,yuxuefenzhan、jiankudouzheng,qianzhiledapiriweijundui,youlidizhiyuanlequanguodekangrizhanzheng。tamenyongkegekeqi、yingyongwuweidexishengjingshenshuxielezhonghuaernvweiminzujiefangbuqudouzhengdepianzhang。

mingjilishishiweilegenghaodiqianxing

bg真人jizhe: jintian,bg真人 tongguojianlibowuguan、meinianlaxiangjingbao、qiaoxiangjingzhongdengfangshilaijinianzheiduanlishi,qiyiyishishenme?

fanlihong: zi1999nianqi,meiniande9yue18ri,shehuigejiedouzaishenyang“jiuyiba”lishibowuguanjuxing“wuwang‘jiuyiba’zhuangzhongmingjing”yishi。shenyangquanchenglaqifangkongjingbao,zhuangxiang14xiajingzhong。zaiquanguodehenduochengshi,“jiuyiba”dejingzhongmeiniandouhuixiangqi,zheishiyizhongjingshi: zhongguorenyaowuwangguochi,fenfatuqiang;yeshiyizhongxuanshi: hepinglaizhibuyi,beijubukezhongyan;gengshiyizhongzhaoshi: zhengyibisheng!hepingbisheng!renminbisheng!

wangjilishidengyubeipan。jintiansuiranxuduorendoumeiyoujingliguozhanzhengdecanku,meiyoumuduguoshanheposuideqiliang,danbg真人 shenghuozaiyingxiongmencengjingpaosarexuedetudishang,xiangshouzhexianquzhelidanpiganchuangzaodeandinghuanjinghefengyizushi,jiumeiyougelieguoqu、paoqilishi、yiwangyingliedequanliyuzige。ribenjunguozhuyicanwurendaodeqinlvexingjing、lingrenfazhidetushazuixing、yemanfengkuangdelveduopohuai,jizhongguorenminheguangdayazhouguojiarenmindailailecanjuerenhuandezainan。shishiburongmosha,yeshimoshabulede。renhefourenqinlvelishishenzhimeihuaqinlvezhanzhenghezhimintongzhideyanlun,doubunengbuyinqizhongguorenminheyazhouguojiarenmindejidafenkai、yanliqianze、gaodujingti。

mingjilishishiweilegenghaodiqianxing。duilishibishangyanjing,jiukanbujianweilai。yonggezhongfangshijinianzheiduanlishi,bushiweileyanxuchouhen,ershiweileheping,weilelaojiyongshengminghexianxuezuoweidaijiahuanlaidechentongjiaoxun。wulunshijiuyibashibian,haishijindaiyilaiyixiliewaidiruqinshi,doushenshenjingshizhonghuaminzu,bixuyouguojiadeqiangsheng,buqirendezhongguocaibuhuibeirenqi。yiner,zhiyourangzhongguodeshilishangqu,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing,zhongguocainengyiyige“hepingjuren”dexingxiangyiliyushi,jiyoubaoweiguojiaherenmindenengli,younengweishijiehepingzuochugongxian。

anbuwangwei,cunbuwangwang,zhibuwangluan,zheishiyigedaguo、dadangyingyoudepingeliliang。zhuimengzhiluwutantu。bg真人 dangjiandangjinbainian、xinzhongguochengli70duonian、gaigekaifang40duoniandelishi,conglaidoubushiyifanfengshunde。lishidexiaoyanyiransanqu,xianshidefengxiantiaozhanquewuchubuzai,bg真人 juebunengrangjiuyibashibianzheiyangdelishibeijuzhongyan。fanshiweihaizhongguogongchandanglingdaohebg真人 guoshehuizhuyizhidudegezhongfengxiantiaozhan,fanshiweihaibg真人 guozhuquan、anquan、fazhanliyidegezhongfengxiantiaozhan,fanshiweihaibg真人 guohexinliyihezhongdayuanzedegezhongfengxiantiaozhan,fanshiweihaibg真人 guorenmingenbenliyidegezhongfengxiantiaozhan,fanshiweihaibg真人 guoshixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdegezhongfengxiantiaozhan,zhiyaolaile,bg真人 jiubixujinxingjianjuedouzheng,haobudongyao,haobutuisuo,zhizhiqudeshengli。(benbaojizhe haosisi)

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